Orthodontic Terms

  • http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/term-band.jpg

    Bands

    Bands are metal tooth rings that go around the back molars and serve as anchors for the braces. They have hooks on them so that elastics can be worn.

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    Bonding

    The process of attaching brackets to your teeth using a special safe adhesive.

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    Bracket

    Brackets are the small metal or ceramic modules that are attached to each tooth. They serve as guides to move the teeth and hold the archwire in place.

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    Cephalometric X-ray

    An x-ray of the head that shows if your teeth are aligned and growing properly within the jaws.

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    Chain/Powerchain

    A stretchable elastic chain that connects on the archwire, usually used to close spaces between the teeth.

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    Consultation

    A meeting with your orthodontist where your treatment plan is discussed.

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    Debonding

    The process of removing cemented orthodontic brackets from your teeth.

  • http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/elastics.jpg

    Elastic (Rubber Band)

    A small rubber band that is hooked between different points on your appliance to provide gentle, continuous pressure to move your teeth and/or jaws to their new positions. We offer regular or neon colors.

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    Extractions

    Extractions of impacted or problematic teeth to make space for orthodontic treatment.

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    Fixed Retainer

    Fixed retainers consist of a metal wire bonded to the back of the teeth. Fixed retainers can stay in place indefinitely.

  • http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/impressions.jpg

    Impressions

    The first step in making a model of your teeth. You bite into a container filled with a rubber-type material. That material hardens to produce a mold of your teeth.

  • http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/term-interceptive.jpg

    Interceptive Treatment

    Orthodontic treatment that is usually done between the ages of 7 and 10. The objective of interceptive or early orthodontic treatment is to provide orthopedic intervention, so that later orthodontic treatment is less complex.

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    Interproximal Reduction (IPR)

    Interproximal reduction (IPR) is the removal of small amounts of outer enamel tooth surface between two adjacent teeth. It is a means to acquire additional space to create ideal tooth alignment. Alternative names include: slenderizing, stripping, enamel reduction, and reproximation.

  • http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/ligation.jpg

    Ligation

    The process of attaching an archwire to the brackets on your teeth.

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    Mouthguard

    A device that protects your mouth from injury when you participate in sports or rigorous activities.

  • http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/brushing.jpg

    Oral Hygiene

    Effective brushing and flossing is one of the most critical actions needed from patients during braces. Regular visits to the general dentist for examination and cleaning are also essential. The results of inadequate oral hygiene include decalcification (white spots/marks), gingivitis (inflammation of the gums), and periodontal disease (inflammation leading to bone loss).

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    Orthodontic Adjustment

    An evaluation of your progress where your wires may be changed to keep your treatment on track and moving forward.

  • http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/term-records.jpg

    Orthodontic Records

    These records, which include cephalometric and panoramic x-rays, digital photos and study models, help your orthodontist determine what treatment needs to be done.

  • http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/palatal.jpg

    Palatal

    Adjacent to the roof of the mouth.

  • http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/pano-xray.jpg

    Panoramic X-ray

    An X-ray taken by a machine that rotates around your head to give your orthodontist a picture of your teeth, jaws, and other important information.

  • http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/app-retainers.jpg

    Retainer

    An appliance that is worn after your braces are removed. The retainer attaches to your upper and/or lower teeth to hold them in place. Some retainers are removable, and others are bonded to the teeth.

  • http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/apps-seperator.jpg

    Separator (Spacer)

    A small rubber ring that creates space between your teeth before the bands are attached.

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    Surgery

    Orthognathic surgery is surgery performed on the bones of the jaws to change their positions. It may be considered for functional, cosmetic, or health reasons. It is surgery commonly performed on the jaws in conjunction with orthodontic treatment, which straightens the teeth.

  • http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/terms_twophase.jpg

    Two-Phase Treatment

    Two phase orthodontic treatment is a very specialized process that encompasses tooth straightening and physical, facial changes. The major advantage of a two-phase treatment is to maximize the opportunity to accomplish the ideal healthy, functional, and aesthetic result that will remain stable throughout your life.

  • http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/wax.jpg

    Wax

    A clear wax used to prevent your braces from irritating your lips or cheeks when your braces are first put on, or as needed. Wax works best when the irritating area is dried well first and then, embedded totally within the pea-sized or grape-sized ball of wax.

  • Bands

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/term-band.jpg
    Bands are metal tooth rings that go around the back molars and serve as anchors for the braces. They have hooks on them so that elastics can be worn.

    Bonding

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/bonding.jpg
    The process of attaching brackets to your teeth using a special safe adhesive.

    Bracket

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/term-bracket-1.jpg
    Brackets are the small metal or ceramic modules that are attached to each tooth. They serve as guides to move the teeth and hold the archwire in place.

    Cephalometric X-ray

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/ceph-xray.jpg
    An x-ray of the head that shows if your teeth are aligned and growing properly within the jaws.

    Chain/Powerchain

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/chain.jpg
    A stretchable elastic chain that connects on the archwire, usually used to close spaces between the teeth.

    Consultation

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/terms-consultation.jpg
    A meeting with your orthodontist where your treatment plan is discussed.

    Debonding

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/debonding.jpg
    The process of removing cemented orthodontic brackets from your teeth.

    Elastic (Rubber Band)

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/elastics.jpg
    A small rubber band that is hooked between different points on your appliance to provide gentle, continuous pressure to move your teeth and/or jaws to their new positions. We offer regular or neon colors.

    Extractions

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/terms-extraction.jpg
    Extractions of impacted or problematic teeth to make space for orthodontic treatment.

    Fixed Retainer

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/appliances-fixedretainer.jpg
    Fixed retainers consist of a metal wire bonded to the back of the teeth. Fixed retainers can stay in place indefinitely.

    Impressions

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/impressions.jpg
    The first step in making a model of your teeth. You bite into a container filled with a rubber-type material. That material hardens to produce a mold of your teeth.

    Interceptive Treatment

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/term-interceptive.jpg
    Orthodontic treatment that is usually done between the ages of 7 and 10. The objective of interceptive or early orthodontic treatment is to provide orthopedic intervention, so that later orthodontic treatment is less complex.

    Interproximal Reduction (IPR)

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/terms_ipr.jpg
    Interproximal reduction (IPR) is the removal of small amounts of outer enamel tooth surface between two adjacent teeth. It is a means to acquire additional space to create ideal tooth alignment. Alternative names include: slenderizing, stripping, enamel reduction, and reproximation.

    Ligation

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/ligation.jpg
    The process of attaching an archwire to the brackets on your teeth.

    Mouthguard

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/terms-mouthguard-1.jpg
    A device that protects your mouth from injury when you participate in sports or rigorous activities.

    Oral Hygiene

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/brushing.jpg
    Effective brushing and flossing is one of the most critical actions needed from patients during braces. Regular visits to the general dentist for examination and cleaning are also essential. The results of inadequate oral hygiene include decalcification (white spots/marks), gingivitis (inflammation of the gums), and periodontal disease (inflammation leading to bone loss).

    Orthodontic Adjustment

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/terms_adj.jpg
    An evaluation of your progress where your wires may be changed to keep your treatment on track and moving forward.

    Orthodontic Records

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/term-records.jpg
    These records, which include cephalometric and panoramic x-rays, digital photos and study models, help your orthodontist determine what treatment needs to be done.

    Palatal

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/palatal.jpg
    Adjacent to the roof of the mouth.

    Panoramic X-ray

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/pano-xray.jpg
    An X-ray taken by a machine that rotates around your head to give your orthodontist a picture of your teeth, jaws, and other important information.

    Retainer

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/app-retainers.jpg
    An appliance that is worn after your braces are removed. The retainer attaches to your upper and/or lower teeth to hold them in place. Some retainers are removable, and others are bonded to the teeth.

    Separator (Spacer)

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/apps-seperator.jpg
    A small rubber ring that creates space between your teeth before the bands are attached.

    Surgery

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/terms-surgery.jpg
    Orthognathic surgery is surgery performed on the bones of the jaws to change their positions. It may be considered for functional, cosmetic, or health reasons. It is surgery commonly performed on the jaws in conjunction with orthodontic treatment, which straightens the teeth.

    Two-Phase Treatment

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/terms_twophase.jpg
    Two phase orthodontic treatment is a very specialized process that encompasses tooth straightening and physical, facial changes. The major advantage of a two-phase treatment is to maximize the opportunity to accomplish the ideal healthy, functional, and aesthetic result that will remain stable throughout your life.

    Wax

    http://www.sbdhost.com/ortho-module/terms/wax.jpg
    A clear wax used to prevent your braces from irritating your lips or cheeks when your braces are first put on, or as needed. Wax works best when the irritating area is dried well first and then, embedded totally within the pea-sized or grape-sized ball of wax.

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    After careful consideration, we have decided to merge both the Granite City and Glen Carbon practices. By combining the two offices we are making a commitment to provide ALL of our patients with the highest technological advancements available for the treatment of orthodontics.